Get Acquainted with the Special Needs of Chinchillas

Three primary challenges face pet parents in taking care of a chinchilla pet. The first is how to choose a suitable residence; the second – how to feed this exotic rodent and the third – how to communicate with the newcomer.

The main reason people tend to get chinchilla as pet is their adorable look. The amazing animals originated from South America. They have got extremely dense and soft fur. They are part of the family of rodents. Let`s explore what the particular features are.  Chinchillas have a wide head with a pair of large ears, and a very long tail compared to the body. All of them experience continuous teeth development. These medium-sized mammals may survive for 20 years if they’re cared for properly.

Chinchilla Pet Living Environment

The chinchilla pet should be kept in an enclosure. The cage is designed to enable the rodents to leap, run and take pleasure in it. Most chinchilla pet keepers pick the largest cage possible. The metal home should have more than two levels. Solid shelves made from plastic or wood should be added. The floor is made from wire mesh.


Pet parents can protect the floor cage with shredded paper, wood shavings, or cardboard. The bedding has to be replaced twice a week.

The well-being of the chinchilla pet deeply depends on the comfort of the place where they live. Pet owners strongly recommend purchasing funny accessories such as hammocks and tunnels. Add also wooden branches to chew and an exercise wheel.


Due to their dense fur, the chinchillas are very sensitive to heat. They prefer a place where the humidity is low and temperatures are moderate.

Exotic Pet Nutrition

The chinchilla`s gastrointestinal tract seems sensitive to many foods that other rodents eat. That is why you should pick packed food designed especially for them. Dehydrated vegetables and plants that flourish in the arid climate in the mountainous regions are part of the proper chinchilla diet. The best nutritional approach is to give them dry vegetables, plants, herbs and a small quantity of fruits. Sweet and high fat foods usually are not healthy for these domesticated animals. Chinchillas are prone to obesity so avoid feeding them with raisin, seeds, and nuts. Opt for grass hay because it contains low calories but plenty of protein. Special pellets fortified with the main nutrients they need are also available in pet stores or online. If the wrong food is given, your pet’s health will decline.

Chinchillas have 10 hours to survive without water. Hydration is essential for them. It is obvious that this creature must have a sufficient supply of fresh water. The water bottle needs to be cleaned once a week.

Pet Grooming

Can you imagine yourself bathing in a dust?  Well, this is a typical grooming procedure for a rodent. The chinchilla should be dust-bathed regularly. You need a sand box and special volcanic dust.

As you already see, there are special demands you should take note about chinchillas. They are social rodents. In their natural habitat or in breeders these species stay in big colonies. So, when in captivity, they need special attention and care. Take into consideration that they are nocturnal animals. Chinchillas get increasingly active by night time so they sleep during the day. If you’re careful not to make loud noises, your loving pet can be relaxed and satisfied.

Ferret Care – How to Control the Odor

Ferret pet, Selbe 3
Photo: Selbe 3

The number of ferret pets has never been correctly assessed but statistics says that this cute animal companion is the third most popular pet in North America. It is believed that several millions of ferrets are kept as four-legged friends. Yet, in many U.S. states the ownership of a pet ferret is banned. For example, the local authorities in New York and California have been promoting the legalization of these animals as pets. The ferret ownership has been banned due to concerns of a health risk for the humans taking care of them.

Recently, all types of domestic animals have increased in number. The most significant boost has been registered in dogs and cats ownership but there is also an increasing interest in obtaining a ferret as household companion. According to the latest requirements set by veterinary medical associations, ferret pet parents have to comply with some important requirements – regular spaying; vaccination and eventually removal of the anal glands that produce an unpleasant scent.

Ferret`s Natural Odor

To defend their territory against other polecats or predators, polecats lunge, attack sideways or emit a staccato clucking sound. This display of bravado and scare tactics is also known as the “weasel war dance.” If this display does not work, the polecat may hiss or snap its jaws. Polecats may also scream in fear; this scream can be very loud and high-pitched. Both polecats and ferrets emit strong-smelling secretions from their anal glands when they are excited or threatened.
Woodland Park Zoo

Well, ferrets as all living creatures have their own particular smell. These small animals have specific glands that are responsible for producing scented chemicals which allow species to recognize each other. The good news for ferret-loving community is the fact that the odor can be controlled. There are two ways to get rid of the natural skunky scent – to clean the environment around the pet and to wash the pet regularly. Last but not least, take it to the vet to check their medical status since their smell varies by the health and the age.


The most useful advice is to routinely spray your ferret. It is obligatory to do that especially during the breeding season when they produce even more strong musk odor to attract the opposite sex. Spraying can reduce up to 80% of ferret natural scent. The ferret experts claim that the descenting procedure can be done at the age of six to seven months.

The ferret parents bathe their pet companions considerably often in order to reduce the natural scent. Fragrances may cause allergic reactions or respiratory upset. Human cologne, baby powder or air fresheners can damage ferret fur, eyes and nose.

Ferret, Tambako The Jaguar
Photo: Tambako The Jaguar

Use only ferret grooming supplies that are designed to restore their natural pH-balance and leave a fresh scent. It is also important not to overdo it since shampoos remove the natural oils from the ferret fur which can cause infections. The animal tries to compensate the dryness by producing excess oils that results in a malodorous pet. It is a good idea to bathe your ferret pet once per month or only when necessary. You can bathe the animal every two weeks during coat changes or in mating season.

After bathe ensure you have rinsed the ferret thoroughly so there is no shampoo left. Veterinarians recommend using specially formulated soaps that are safe. Avoid applying human body lotions since their pH balance is not suitable for a ferret. Make sure the soap is completely rinsed out.

A significant part of the grooming is cleaning the ferret`s ears. Their ears produce an odorous wax that has to be removed every few weeks. To clean your pet’s ears, use a cotton swab on the parts you can see. Take into account that your four-legged friend does not like this procedure. They need a special treats to stay calm.

Ferret Cage

The choice of a pet enclosure can be also vital. A ferret cages made out of wood absorb both the urine and the body odors. It is very difficult to remove the unpleasant scent from a wooden pet house. Opt for a ferret cage made from washable materials like plastic or magnetic wire. Useful information and reviews about small pet cages you may find here:

Cage accessories should also be washable. It is a good idea to replace them regularly. Place a begging such as wood pellets or recycled newspaper that can be changed. Do not use an air freshener inside the pet residence. There are special deodorizers for a ferret cage.

The regular cleaning of the litterbox clean can significantly reduce smell. You have to remove the solid waste once per day. You should thoroughly wash the litter box at least twice per week in order to keep down odors.

Proper Diet

Sometimes, the improper diet can also cause an unpleasant smell. It may result in bad breath. Opposite the chinchilla and rabbit, these animals should be fed on a dry food that is low in fiber and high in fats. Ferret meals contain 30% protein and 20% fat. Their snacks include a serious amount of meat. To avoid the bad breath caused by food choose products without artificial preservatives. Do not give your pet canned food.

Some animals could have teeth problems. You can use a pet toothbrush and toothpaste to maintain the ferret teeth. By doing this, you can remove the buildup and to prevent gum infections.
By following these tips you can keep both the ferret pet and your house smelling clean and fresh.

Sources and Suggested Reading

Having A Ferret As A Pet – What an Awarding Experience!

Elizas first snow by originalpozer
Photo: originalpozer

When you are looking to get a pet and thinking about alow-maintenance animal, there are many things you will want to understand. First, a ferret as a pet is a great idea. The first step is to research this small mammal as much as you can. These pets need love, attention and care. There are unlike every other pet that you have ever owned.

This is not an animal who will sit in a corner while you watch television. This pet companion is active and has an unique smell that can quickly overpower a one bed room appartment. There are not things that can’t be handled, however, often a new ferret owner who does not do their research is often left feeling like they bit off more than they can chew. This is why research and understanding is key.

Ferrets Need Play Time

A ferret should be out of their cage for at least two to three hours every day. They need lots of fresh water and food. They also need their cage cleaned frequently as they go to the restroom alot. The one question to ask yourself is, do you have the time to care for this new pet? If you can answer yes, a ferret as a pet could be an awesome option for you.

Children And Ferret

If you have small children, you will want to keep them away from the exotic pet. These creatures are tough little animals but they can be harmed by a small child and they also could bite the children if they become scared. So, avoid the potential dangers on all ends. This keep kids safe and the ferrets from being sat on, stepped on or dropped on the floor. Both the ferret an your child are important in your life, so keep them safe.

Understand Your Pet`s Temperament

Having a ferret as a pet is a very rewarding experience as long as you keep all of these things in mind and take whatever steps are needed to ensure their unique care. They are very amazing pets if you treat them well and learn to understand their needs.

Dental Procedures

Two golden retriever puppiesResearch show that 80% of pets have some degree of dental disease by the time they reach three years of age. In fact, periodontal, or gum disease is the most common disease in cats and dogs.

Since animals cannot brush their own teeth, it’s up to you to monitor your pet’s oral health. Without treatment, the bacteria caused by gum disease can enter their blood stream and cause organ damage.

Signs your pet may have dental disease:

  • Bad breath
  • Excessive saliva
  • Yellow or brown tartar build-up
  • Discomfort chewing or eating
  • Change in eating pattern or food intake
  • Bleeding gums or tooth loss
  • Subdued behaviour

If your veterinarian recommends professional dental cleaning, your pet’s teeth will be cleaned while he or she is under general anaesthesia.

Generally, the dental procedure consists of three steps:

1. Scaling the tartar from the teeth and, if necessary, extracting any unhealthy teeth
2. Cleaning and scraping the periodontal grove to promote healing of the gums
3. Polishing the exposed surfaces of teeth to impede further build-up of tartar

Common Canine Infectious Diseases

Lakeland Terrier by dee2018
Photo: dee2018

The following infectious diseases can be controlled and prevented against through vaccinations.

Canine Distemper

Almost every dog will be exposed to this disease at some point during his or her lifetime, and the infection is often fatal. Distemper attacks various body organs, including the nervous system. Clinical symptoms include fever, coughing, diarrhea, vomiting, and discharge from the eyes and nose. Convulsions or paralysis may occur during the final stages of the disease. Death may occur anytime within 3 weeks of the infection.

Canine Hepatitis

A contagious viral disease that primarily affects a dog’s liver. Hepatitis is spread between dogs by contact with urine, feces, or other bodily secretions. Infection can be mild to fatal.


Highly contagious and debilitating, Parvovirus is known for its resistance to treatment. Spread mainly through infected feces, symptoms include high fever, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, shock and death can result.

Canine Cough or Tracheobronchitis

Commonly known as “kennel cough,” this highly contagious disease is characterized by a dry, heaving cough. Canine Cough results in an inflammed trachea and bronchi, and can be caused by different airborne viruses and bacteria.

Canine Coronavirus

Attacks the interstinal system and like Parvovirus can cause vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and lethargy. Coronavirus may even occur concurrently with Parvovirus, causing severe enteritis and usually death.


Rabies is a major health-hazard because all mammals are susceptible to infection. The virus attacks the nervous system and is fatal.

Common Feline Infectious Diseases

cat picture by Dan Klar
Photo: Dan Klar

The following infectious diseases can be controlled and prevented against through vaccinations.

Feline Leukemia

Now considered to be the #1 infectious disease causing death in cats. The disease attacks the immune system, leaving cats vulnerable to secondary infections, including certain types of cancers. Death most often occurs within 3 years of infection.

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

The most severe and wide spread upper respiratory infection in cats. Despite treatment, the disease may be last throughout a pet’s lifetime. Clinical signs include fever, sneezing, tearing, heavy breathing, loss of appetite, and discharge from the nose and eyes.

Feline Chlamydiosis

Once known as Feline Pneumonitis, this disease causes a mild to moderate upper respiratory infection. Symptoms include tearing, as the disease mostly affects the mucous membranes of the eyes, and some sneezing or nasal discharge.

Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper):

Highly contagious and often fatal, most cats are likely to be exposed to Panleukopenia, so vaccinating against this disease is important. Clinical signs are similar to canine distemper, and include fever, depression, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and vomiting.


Rabies is a major health-hazard because all mammals are susceptible to infection. The virus attacks the nervous system and is fatal.

Video Tips on Cat Training Classes

It is commonly known that the pet parents cannot be the boss of their cats. Anyway, these companions can become well-trained if you put in the effort necessary. Cats will know where they are and are not allowed. Watch this video featuring different cat breeds. Learn how encouraging needed behavior with a reward (treat) is very effective. Using this method might help you to teach your kitten to sit or to use the litter tray.

New Furry Friend? Learn To Take Better Care Of Cats!

A cat has absolute emotional honesty: human beings, for one reason or another, may hide their feelings, but a cat does not.
Ernest Hemingway

cat care

A cat is a very intelligent, quick, and agile animal. Cats are definitely a very common pet and are in every major city. Getting along with a cat living indoors may present problems, however. These critters can be stubborn little guys and can pose a big challenge to understanding all their little nuances.

You never want to leave the cords of your drapes dangling down. The cats will start playing with the cords and they can easily wrap around their necks. This could really hurt or possibly kill them. Pin back drape cords to avoid this type of issue.


Cat and Dog

Do you have both a cat and dog? Dogs will eat cat food right up. Because of this, you should keep your cat’s food in a high spot that your dog won’t be able to reach. This will prevent the two from fighting over the water when the food dishes are empty.

Understand That All Cats Need Exercise and Play Time

It’s important that cats get play time. Playing is a very common activity shared by most animals. An aging cat may not have as much energy as a kitten, however it will still enjoy a little light playtime. Make sure you play with your cat at least once a day.

Play is necessary for all mammals no matter the age or species. While older cats have less energy than their younger counterparts, they can still play a little. Play with your cat, and you’ll both have fun.

Never let a cat become bored. Cats need play and exercise like other pets. Too many cat owners forget this simple fact. Cats who get bored can actually become depressed or display other undesirable behaviors. Give them toys they can play with, play with them yourself, or at the least give them room to exercise. Provide them with an indoor climbing area or scratching post.

Understand your Cat

Try to figure out why your cat makes meowing sounds. Once you become familiar with your cat and its needs, it will become easier to determine what he needs when he meows. It may be a sign your cat needs food, or needs to be let outdoors. Make sure you are paying attention in order to better understand your cat.


Feed canned food to your cat. It is usually more expensive than dry food, but it is more beneficial. Your cat will get more water and more vitamins and protein. If your cat is getting older, canned food is easier to chew as well. You should listen to what your vet recommends, though.

You may often eat things that are quite bad for cats. Some of these foods include garlic, grapes, onions and green tomatoes. Ingesting these foods can end up making your cat really sick or worse. Milk can also end up giving your cat an upset stomach.

cat image


One easy way to prevent a lot of potential feline health problems down the road is to refrain from over-feeding your cat. They can develop diabetes or heart disease, just like humans. Carefully monitor your cat’s portions to make sure they eat a balanced diet.

Since cats can catch many diseases outside, such as rabies or fungal infections, plan on keeping your pet cat inside. Bacterial problems usually occur when a cat is outside.

Be sure your cat receives a tick and flea treatment. There are drops that should be applied monthly and they are quite effective. They stop fleas from making your pet’s life miserable. Be sure that any treatment you purchase is designed to be used on cats so that it will help your pet, not harm it.

All animals are capable of getting parasites. Your cat is no exception. These parasites won’t go away until you take action. Featured methods can be used to remove them.

Take your Cat in for Regular Vet Exams

Cats need special shots to keep them from getting sick, and the veterinarian will check your cats overall health.

Take your cat to the vet regularly to make sure they remain in good health. They need a check-up one time a year, or more if they require certain shots. If your cat has any health issues or injuries, you should try and have them seen right away. Always use the same veterinarian if possible. They will learn your cat’s history best.

If your cat is female, it is very important that she be spayed when the vet feels she is old enough. Even if you have an indoor female cat, if it escapes when it’s in heat it could get you a bunch of kittens you weren’t planning on having. Getting your cat spayed is a great way to stop this from going on.

Cats and Little Children

Watch kittens around kids. A child under five should not be left alone with a pet. Little children do not have the necessary skills yet to handle a pet by themselves. Once the child is older and more mature, decide if they are ready for the responsibility of handling animals.

How to Train Cats?

You cat needs to get used to being in a carrier. While punishment is a good strategy to train dogs, it is not adapted to cats. Cats learn well when they feel encouraged. Leave the door to a carrier open at all times, and make the interior enticing with a beloved toy and blanket. Over time, the cat will feel comfortable and go inside the carrier. Let it happen naturally or with only mild coaxing. Do not get angry. Transporting your cat inside the carrier will then become much easier.

Acclimate your cat to a cat carrier. Cats don’t react to punishment like dogs do. They need positive reinforcement. Leave the door to a carrier open at all times, and make the interior enticing with a beloved toy and blanket. Sooner or later, your cat will try out the appealing space and learn to be comfortable in it. It will then be easier to transport the cat in the carrier.

Litter Box

Carefully consider where you will place your friend’s litter box. You may want to hide it away. However, if you hide it from your pet he might not try very hard to find it when he needs to go to the bathroom. Your cat will use the litter box if it is placed in a quiet place and away from smells your cat does not enjoy. Instead of just keeping the box on cold cement, add a rug or mat beneath it.

Take good care of your pet, and it will appreciate it.